Entry into force of the Paris Climate Agreement. Meeting of 110 ambassadors : Ségolène Royal today launched a call for ratification and action
On 14 October Ségolène Royal, president of the COP21, brought together the representatives in Paris of the world States having adopted the first universal climate agreement on 12 December 2015 at the COP21.
Less than a month later, on 4 November, the Paris Agreement will enter into force. To date, 78 States and the European Union have ratified the agreement, representing almost 60% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Never before has a universal agreement been made applicable so quickly.
The implementation of the Paris Agreement is based on four pillars, all of which are priorities for action for the COP presidency:
1.The first pillar is the Agreement itself.
The president of the COP has raised awareness among all countries in order that they accelerate their ratification process and thereby join the ranks of those States and Parties having already ratified the Agreement, so as to consolidate its universal character.
2.The second pillar concerns national contributions to the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions.
The signatory countries must, without delay, turn their national contributions, announced in 2015, into acts: laws, public policies and investments. France will provide support to developing countries for the implementation of their national contributions via the French Development Agency (AFD).
3.The third pillar is funding.
The financing issue is central to the stability of the Paris Agreement. Ségolène Royal, who has made this her priority, announced that the 100 billion dollars in annual climate funding in 2020 will be raised.
A review of the climate financing requested by France and Peru to the OECD will be submitted to the presidency of the COP21 on Monday 17 October, at the same time as the publication of the "roadmap" of the donor countries, steered by the United Kingdom and Australia.
4.The fourth pillar is the solution agenda.
In order to contribute to the mobilisation of all - citizens, regions, businesses, experts - France supports the continuation of concrete actions to which it has committed for the deployment of renewable energy, clean transport, energy-efficient buildings, sustainable management of water and forests, and the protection of the oceans.
Ségolène Royal highlighted several new, concrete, advances :
- The Africa Renewable Energy Initiative is structured around 240 projects identified by the COP president together with the African heads of state.
- The president of the COP21 and the Indian energy minister submitted the statutes of the International Solar Alliance approved by India, France and the United States, and which will be adopted in Marrakech, to the Alliance partners.
- A global declaration for the reduction in plastic waste, the scourge of the ocean, was presented. It already has the support of numerous countries: United States, Morocco, Monaco, Chile...
In addition, Ségolène Royal underlined the major progress made over the last few days with regard to reducing pollution :
- The international civil aviation sector made a commitment to controlling greenhouse gas emissions.
- The same dynamic is under way for the maritime transport sector.
- The 28th meeting of the Parties to the Montreal protocol must today adopt an amendment aimed at restricting the production of HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons) - a gas that has a major warming effect.