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Understand and implement the EU Emissions Trading Scheme

23 décembre 2014 - Transports

Sommaire :


Main concepts

21 janvier 2014 (mis à jour le 3 mai 2016)

The European Directive 2008/101/EC amending directive 2003/87/EC so as to include aviation activities in the scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance has been applied since 2nd February 2009. Its transposition in the French law has been fully completed.

All IFR flights (with an MOTW bigger than 5,7t) to or from the European Economic Area are included in the scope of the Directive. Some flights are exempted from the scheme, for instance, humanitarian ones : the Commission has published a decision detailing these exemptions (Decision 2009/450/EC on the interpretation of the aviation activities). Operators flying with a commercial Air Operator Certificate (AOC) and emitting less than 10 000 tonnes of CO2 per year or performing less than 243 flight during three consecutives four-month periods, are exempted from the EU ETS.

For the aviation sector, there are two distinct periods defined by the Directive :

  • 1st period (phase II) : 2012
  • 2nd period (phase III) : 2013-2020

For 2012, the aviation sector allowances’ cap has been set at 97% of the historical emissions (the mean between emissions of 2004, 2005 and 2006). For the next period, the cap has been set at 95%.

The total of emission allowances corresponding to this cap are split in this way :

  • 85% (in 2012) or 82% (from 2013) of the emission allowances are allocated freely each year, proportionnally based on the total activity data (in tonnes-kilometres) reported by each operator in 2010. The Arrêté concerning the allocation of free allowances for aircraft operators has been published in December 2011.
  • 15% are put up for auction.
  • 3% (from 2013) are placed in a special reserve for "new entrants" or "fast-growing" operators.

Liens utiles

List of the main official documents (Directives, Decisions, list of aircraft operators...) or pages you may find useful :

French legislation (in French) :

Specific to phase II (2012) :

Specific to phase III (2013-2020) :

European legislation :

Specific to phase II (2012) :

Specific to phase III (2013-2020) :

European Commission’s pages :

Eurocontrol :